#Geospatial Intelligence (GEOINT)
Geospatial Intelligence (GEOINT) is intelligence derived from the collection and analysis of imagery and data associated with a specific terrestrial location to build a picture of physical features and activity centred around them. Data from various sources such as satellites, drones and ground-based sensors is turned into actionable intelligence via sophisticated GIS (Geographic Information System) technologies and image analysis tools.
Key features of GEOINT
GEOINT is composed of three key elements - geospatial information, imagery, and imagery intelligence (IMINT). Its features include satellite imagery analysis, geospatial data integration, 3D modelling, spatial analysis and geospatial data visualisation.
GEOINT can produce a Common Operational Picture (COP) of a specific location by employing multiple and advanced sensors, data and information drawn from operations, planning and logistics, as well as multiple intelligence disciplines (INTs) to create a comprehensive visual depiction.
The benefits of GEOINT
GEOINT encompasses a broader scope of geospatial data analysis and interpretation than standalone geospatial data services such as IMINT, making it more comprehensive and actionable. Its benefits include greatly improved situational awareness, enhanced strategic planning, precise targeting, enhanced disaster response and the capability to monitor of geographic areas of interest comprehensively.
Facilitating critical insights into physical locations, patterns and trends, GEOINT supports key decision-making in defence, national security, disaster response, environmental monitoring, urban planning and much more. GEOINT can also be tailored by focusing on specific regions of interest, using custom analytics and models and integrating domain-specific data layers. It can drive business efficiency by providing actionable location-based insights, optimising logistics and enabling data-driven decision-making.
GEOINT can be successfully integrated with GIS and data analytics platforms, AI technologies, and various sensors to enhance intelligence fusion and decision support. It can be embedded into EMDYN platform, our bespoke investigatory and analysis tool.
The applications of GEOINT
GEOINT has a particularly wide range of applications. It can aid in solving problems such as identifying illegal activities, assessing the impact of natural disasters, tracking and countering security threats, optimising transportation and logistics and supporting infrastructure development. Businesses across a spectrum of industries from travel, leisure and real estate to oil and gas use GEOINT for planning and commissioning while it aids military preparation and execution of responses to situations and threats.
EMDYN recommends using multi-source data, validating geospatial data accuracy, collaborating across agencies and continually updating geospatial databases as examples of employing best practice within GEOINT. It is a developing discipline and recent trends include the use of AI and machine learning for automated image analysis, real-time geospatial data processing and advancements in remote sensing technologies. Data accuracy, suitability of intelligence products, the relevance of insights and the impact on decision-making and operations are the key metrics around GEOINT.
Many organisations have benefited from employing GEOINT such as the Red Cross for disaster response, intelligence agencies for monitoring security threats and companies for supply chain optimisation. An example of the former is the critical role in disaster response efforts played by GEOINT and GIS mapping during Hurricane Katrina in August 2005. As the hurricane struck the US Gulf Coast causing widespread destruction and flooding, real-time satellite imagery, aerial photography and related geospatial data was used to understand the extent of the damage, identify areas of high-risk and coordinate priority relief and rescue operations.
EMDYN offers an GEOINT training module within its Training services portfolio, providing a broad overview and covering different forms of spatial analysis, such as mapping and presentation plus the vital use of geolocated intelligence data and imagery. Speak to EMDYN about how we can integrate GEOINT within EMDYN platform , drawing together location intelligence data from an array of sources in a single application to maximise insights.
See beyond the threat
Whether you require expert solutions to specific intelligence problems or just some initial advice, EMDYN is a phone call or email away. You can also use our Enquiry Form here.